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The Bat


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The Bat

Composer: Johann Strauss

Operetta in three acts
Libretto: Karl Haffner, Richard Genée
Translated by Julian Tuwim

World premiere: Vienna, 5 April 1874
Polish premiere: Warsaw, 6 September 1877

Premiere in Krakow: 18, 19 December 2005, The Stage at the J. Słowacki Theater
Revival: 30 November 2009, The Main Stage of Krakow Opera
Sung in Polish

Production team:

Music Director: Uwe Theimer
Director, Choreographer: Janusz Józefowicz
Set Designer: Andrzej Woron
Costume Designer: Maria Balcerek


GABRIEL VON EISENSTEIN | Janusz Ratajczak (Jan 17, 18, 19)

ROZALINDA | Iwona Socha (Jan 18), Ewa Biegas (Jan 17, 19)

FRANK | Andrzej Biegun (Jan 17, 18, 19)

PRINCE GIGI ORLOVSKY | Agnieszka Cząstka-Niezgódka (Jan 17, 18, 19)

ALFRED | Adam Zdunikowski (Jan 17, 19), Jarosław Bielecki (Jan 18)

DR FALKE | Michał Kutnik (Jan 17, 19), Przemysław Rezner (Jan 18)

DR BLIND | Janusz Dębowski (Jan 17, 19), Franciszek Makuch (Jan 18)

ADELA | Katarzyna Oleś-Blacha (Jan 17, 19), Paula Maciołek (Jan 18)

IDA | Kamila Mędrek-Żurek (Jan 17, 18, 19)

FROSCH | Kajetan Wolniewicz (Jan 17, 19), Stanisław Knapik (Jan 18)

POSTMAN | Łukasz Zakrzewski (Jan 17, 18, 19)

conductor: Marcin Nałęcz-Niesiołowski

A witty operetta with an upper-crust intrigue-driven plot, set in a 19th c. resort by Vienna. Old Vienna is a true lead of this operetta, one of the best and most popular in the world. Composing the work took Johann Strauss, the famous “king of the waltz,” a mere few weeks, and the world premiere turned out to be a huge success. A brilliant comedy of errors with an intriguing libretto in a perfect translation by Julian Tuwim continues to win admirers to this day.

The translation of “Die Fledermaus” by the poet Julian Tuwim inspired the show’s director and choreographer, Janusz Józefowicz, to create a light-hearted, humorous yet spectacular performance. His rendition of the operetta is redolent with the atmosphere of the epoch: it is rich, meticulous and realistic. The costumes, made of silk, lace and velvet and decorated with ostrich plumes, take the audience a hundred years back. The orchestra plays lightly, in keeping with the atmosphere of the show. This Johann Strauss doesn’t sound his age.


The action takes places in a resort near Vienna at the end of the 19th century.


At the villa od the banker Gabriel von Eisenstein, Adele, the maid, reads a letter from her sister, dancer Ida. Ida invites her to a ball biven by Prince Gigi Orlovsky later that night. At the time, we can hear a serenade sung in the street by Alfred, firmer Rosalinda's fiance, although presently Rosalinda is married to Eisenstein. Alfred is courting his former lover by the sound of his voice and passionate lyrics. Rosalinda, scared by and unexpected arrival of Alfred and full od concerns that by may be discovered by her husband, promises to meet Alfred in the evening, as they both know that  Eisenstein is about to leave for jail for five days, since he was sentenced for hitting a tax collector. Adele, dreaming of the ball at the Prince's place, requests Rosalinda to give her that evening and night off, pretending that she needs to take care od her sick aunt. First, Rosalinda refuses to do so, but later she lets Adele go to the ball. Nobody should rather see the evening visit by Alfred.

After a court trial, Eisenstein is coming home with his lawyer Blind. As a result of the lawyer's incompetence and Eisenstein's agitation, the accused was sentenced for three more days for contempt od court. And it is only hours before he has to report to do his time... His friend, Dr. Falke tries to cheer Eisenstein up. He advises Eisenstein to go to jail rather later in the morning, after attending Prince Gigi's ball, without telling his wife naturally. Dr. Falke finds it easy to perduade his friend.

Although Rosalinda is surprised that, her husband goes to jail in a tuxedo, top hat and patent leather shoes, Eisenstein quotes a gentlemen's statement: “althought my fate is dark, my jacket is white”. He leaves, followed by Adele, and then Alfred arrives. Undressed Rosalinda and Alfred, dressed in her husband's dressing gown, sit for dinner. Suddenly, an unexpected guest appears: warden Frank wants to escort personally Eisenstein to jail. Surprised Rosalinda begs Alfred not to compromise her and rather assume the role of  her husband. Unwillingly, Alfred agrees to surrender to circumstances, and Frank takes him to jail instead of Eisenstein...


An interesting party is gathering at the Prince's place: refined ladies and gentlemen, accompanied by young opera dancers, including Ida and her sister Adele, wearing Rosalinda's dress. Dr. Falke explains to Prince Orlovsky the intrigue in which the doctor involved the group of his friends, trying to take revenge for a practical joke Eisenstein once played on him: after a masquerade, Eisenstein abandoned the intoxicated Falke in a bat costume right in the middle of the Prater Park. The doctor had to walk back home in his disguise, jeered by crowds. Presently, the “bat” decided to catch his friends in a cobweb of a sophisticated intrigue. He had invited to the ball Ida, Adele, the jail warden and... Rosalinda, who appears in a mask pretending to be a Hungarian Countess.

The plot is developing according to plan. Eisenstein assists the attractive Adele, without knowing that he is actually flirting with his own maid, and later he openly woos the lady in a mysterious mask, unaware that she is his wife. Rosalinda patiently accepts her husband's courting, and she succeeds in taking away his beautiful watch from him.

The party continues, although two persons must leave the ball at dawn: warden Frank and Eisenstein, who made friends at the ball, without knowing their true identities. Presently, they are heading to the same place: the former to work and the latter to do his time.


There is only one prisoner in jail: merry Alfred and his tipsy guard, Frosch. Warden Frank arrives after the ball, followed by Ida and Adele. Frank had revealed his identity to the ladies and promised to help them in their theatre careers, and since Adele wanted to become an actress, she wanted to make use of the offer immediately.

Frank receives the two ladies wholeheartedly, but he must hide them right away in a free jail cell when Eisenstein appears. Both gentlemen are surprised to see each other: once they clarify to each other who they are, they are even more astonished: the warden explains that he picked up Eisenstein himself to bring him to jail from his home where he had met him sitting in a dressing gown with his wife. Then, lawyer Blind comes. Eisenstein, trying to guess who is hiding under his name, disguises as a court clerk and, together with Blind, begins to question Alfred. Of course, he quickly finds out what has happened and accuses his wife Rosalinda of betrayal when she arrives to arrange for Alfred's release. Rosalinda and Alfred cannot hide away their sweet tête-à-tête anymore, but Rosalinda accuses then her husband of false appearance and betrayal, presenting the watch taken away from him at the ball.

Finally Falke comes to clarify the plot arranged as a revenge. Alfred cleverly incorporates his meeting with Rosalinda in the “bat's revenge”, and all ends well. Shocked Eisenstein apologizes to Rosalinda, and he is kindly forgiven, while Adele is promised to be taken care of by both in Prince and Frank.

(Based on L. Kydryński, Przewodnik operowy, PWM, 1994)